103, 125, "West African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis)", "African Manatee - Animal Facts and Information", "African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis)", "African Manatee - Manatee Facts and Information", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_manatee&oldid=991858846, Mammals of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 04:36. Habitat and Range. Despite eating in a slow and secretive manner, an Amazonian manatee each day is able to eat as much as 8% of its body weight. The main areas for them include Florida, Africa and the Amazon.  It is the manatee species to be found in the Old World. Because of the work done during this phase, the general public, young children, and experienced scientists alike are receiving better information than ever before as to how to protect the African manatees. The average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. References Although the African manatee's social organization is not well understood, research shows the most common and tightly knit bonds are between a mother and her calf. Manatee Habitat and Distribution. So what has caused manatees to become endangered? A majority of the African manatee's diet is made up of a variety of flora found above or hanging over the water. There are three species of manatees: West Indian Manatees (Trichechus Manatus), West African Manatees (Trichechus Senegalensis), Amazonian or South American Manatees (Trichechus Inunguis). They are unhurried witnesses to an ancient past. Predators Humans and crocodiles are predators of West African Manatees.  Thick congestion of boats in waterways may cause the manatees to have deadly run-ins with the vessels. Manatees live in shallow coastal waters and rivers, feeding on sea grass and algae. African manatees can be found in much of the western region of Africa, from Senegal to Angola. They have been seen around the coast of Africa, Nigeria, and down to the Republic of Congo. The West Indian and West African manatees inhabit rivers, bays, canals, estuaries, and coastal areas rich in seagrass and other vegetation. Status and Trends (IUCN Status, Countries WhereCurrently Found, Taxonomy, Population Estimates and Status, Distribution, Threats and Reasonsfor Decline) 4. Although an Amazonian manatee has very small eyes, surprisingly it can see very well, and it even has a membrane that it … Our manatee education programs reach 5000 people per year, and our goal is to sustain long-term conservation capacity of the African manatee in as many countries as possible. Manatees – the „gardeners of the seas“ – spend most of the day under water grazing and sleeping. The gorgeous African Manatee lives exclusively along a particular portion of the coastline of western Africa. Their habitat includes the murky waters of rivers and lagoons and nutrient rich flooded forests. Manatees are found in brackish waters to freshwater: in oceans, rivers, lakes, coastal estuaries, reservoirs, lagoons, and bays on the coast. Although not much is known about this species, it is believed that it resembles the West Indian manatee. Many manatees migrate there during the rainy season. An African Manatee is dependent on hanging vegetation, as opposed to those submerged. Although not a great deal is known about this species, it is hypothesized that the African manatee is very similar to the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus). It is believed that the African Manatee is smaller than those in other regions. They were also found in the grassy estuaries of big rivers with mangroves and in protected coastal spots with less than 3 metres (10 ft) of water containing both mangroves and marine macrophytes. Scientists from the Institute of Aquatic Biology of the Centre for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Wildlife Department in Ghana have concluded that Maame Water is not a sea goddess, but actually the West African manatee. It is the only manatee that occurs exclusively in freshwater. Habitat and Movement The West African manatee can live in freshwater, saltwater, and brackish water, which is a mixture of the two. Their names indicate the regions in which they live. OceanCare supports conservation programmes for the West African Manatee and calls on the United Nations to act. The African manatee spends much of its time grazing on low hanging mangrove leaves and sea grass in this type of forest along the west coast, from Senegal in the north down to Angola in the south. , Manatees have been found as far as 75 kilometres (47 mi) offshore, where there are shallow coastal flats and calm mangrove creeks filled with seagrass. That range includes the coastlines of a total of 19 countries. Anyone visiting such countries will notice manatee meat being sold on the streets and in marketplaces, but the lack of law enforcement protects the poachers from punishment. , Many of the African manatees that venture up the Niger River starve to death.  When the opportunity to mate with a female is at stake, males will fight with each other by pushing and shoving. Usually, an aggregation consists of up to six manatees. During Phase II, the information collected in Phase I will be even more widely distributed around the areas in which the African manatee lives. The West African manatee (T. senegalensis), found in coastal areas and slow-moving rivers from Senegal to Angola, also ranges far inland in some rivers. Manatees move up these rivers until they are unable to proceed because of shallow waters or strong waterfalls. The African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), also known as the West African manatee, is a species of manatee that inhabits much of the western region of Africa – from Senegal to Angola. Phase I also allowed for up-close examination of the African manatee's way of life through field work. The African manatee is the most endangered and least studied manatee species in the world. Vegetation is then chewed by the manatee's strong molars, which are its only teeth. , The African manatee is a vulnerable species because of its meat, oil, bones, and skin, which can bring great wealth to poachers. Three out of four species of manatee are under the order Sirenia. This results in a slow rate of reproduction and that can be a significant factor when you are talking about efforts to increase their overall population. From north to south, the river systems that contain manatees include: the Senegal, Saloum, Gambia, Casamance, Cacheu, Mansôa, Geba, Buba, Tombali, Cacine, Kogon, Konkouré, Sierra Leone, Great Scarcies, Little Scarcies, Sherbro, Malem, Waanje, Sewa, Missunado, Cavalla, St. Paul, Morro, St. John, Bandama, Niouniourou, Sassandra, Comoé, Bia, Tano, Volta, Mono, Oueme, Niger, Mekrou, Benue, Cross, Katsena Ala, Bani, Akwayafe, Rio del Rey, Ngosso, Andokat, Mene, Munaya, Wouri, Sanaga, Faro, Chari, Bamaingui, Bahr-Kieta, Logoné, Mitémélé, Gabon, Ogooué, Lovanzi, Kouilou, Congo, Dande, Bengo, and Cuanza. African Manatees are known to reside in lagoons, coastal territories and big rivers- from brackish all the way to freshwater. The West Indian manatee is related to the West African manatee, the Amazonian manatee, the dugong, and Steller’s sea cow, which was hunted to extinction in 1768. The average adult manatee is about 10 feet long and weighs between 800 and 1,200 pounds. However, all three species of manatee—the West Indian, Amazonian and African manatee—face serious threats to their survival. From November 2004 until December 2007, the West African Manatee Conservation Project completed Phase I. They are more diverse than other manatees due to their ability to survive in salt water, although they do need access to fresh water for drinking purposes. 1. Typically, manatees stay in rivers, seas and oceans along the coast of several countries.  From the exterior, the African manatee looks very similar to the American manatee; however, the African manatee is different from the Amazonian manatee, which has characteristic white markings on its abdomen. Within this range, however, it appears to inhabit each region fairly equally. They are often referred to as the "forgotten" sirenian. Ideal African manatee habitat Unlike the dugongs, manatees do not strictly use marine habitats. In fact, they won’t be able to survive if the waters are less than 60 degrees Fahrenheit. These marine mammals are herbivores, which means that they eat only plants. The African manatee (Trichechus senegalensis), also known as the West African manatee, is a species of manatee that is mostly herbivorous.African manatees inhabit much of the western region of Africa – from Senegal to Angola. The tracking observed most of the sample in coastal lagoons, mangroves, and other herbaceous growths. It lives in lagoons within equatorial rainforests, in rivers at the edge of the Sahara Desert, around coastal islands in the Atlantic Ocean, and in many other habitats in 21 countries along the Atlantic African coast, as well as over 2000 miles inland in rivers in Mali and Chad. , when female African manatees are typically found in coastal South America illusion of a total of 19 countries mangrove... There are two major threats: loss of habitat and collisions with and. 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