This was the decade where people built Bomb Shelters, had babies and the news was filled with what the reds were doing or going to do. Charlton Heston captivates audiences in the 1959 film titled Ben-Hur. This 1958 recording session features four of the greatest jazz musicians of their era. The brewing sexual revolution further went public in 1953 with the publication of Playboy magazine, founded by Hugh Hefner. Popular culture was also an important factor during the 1950s as it shaped how the decade would be perceived in the future. Be sure to look up “Revolting Recipes of the 1950s”. Some of the women wear hats made from the plastic containers. Popular culture (also called mass culture and pop culture) is generally recognized by members of a society as a set of the practices, beliefs, and objects that are dominant or prevalent in a society at a given point in time. In Rebel without a Cause (1955), actor James Dean portrayed Jim Stark, a seventeen-year-old filled with anguish about his role in life. Journalists and scholars joined. During the 1950s, congressional investigations became a staple of television, and none provided a better morality tale than coverage of the army-McCarthy hearings in 1954 (see chapter 24). The Cold War had set the stage for an especially competitive period that was fueled by the rivalry between the … Popular Culture In The 1950's 1477 Words 6 Pages As era’s have rolled over and civilisation has advanced, the popular culture demonstrated throughout society has also changed. By the mid-1950s Elvis Presley’s new style, a sound that upset a LOT of parents, caught on like wildfire. Between 1940 and 1950, church and synagogue membership rose by 78 percent, and more than 95 percent of the population professed a belief in God. Modern culture still has a fascination with the fads, crazes and pop sensations from the age when the whole family sat down for dinner every night and a car with fins could get you a date. Churchgoing underscored the contrast between the United States, a nation of religious worship, and the “godless” communism of the Soviet Union. Describe popular culture in America in the 1950s. In 1941 Popular Science magazine coined the term teenager, and by the middle of the next decade members of this age group viewed themselves not as prospective adults but as a distinct group with its own identity, patterns of behavior, and tastes in music and fashion. Labor force male/female ratio: 5/2 Depending on the topic or issue, popular culture either did or didn’t portray the reality of what was going on during the 1950s. This is to expected when you are fighting a war against someone. Many experienced anxiety and depression, and, in their despair, some turned to alcohol and tranquilizers. In another best seller, Modern Women: The Lost Sex (1947), Ferdinand Lundberg and Marynia Farnham called the independent woman “a contradiction in terms.” A 1951 study of corporate executives found that most businessmen viewed the ideal wife as one who devoted herself to her husband’s career. Television had helped to create a popular culture that millions of Americans tuned into regularly. For the first time, white middle-class teenagers saw the fashions and heard the language of working-class youths close-up and both emulated and feared what they encountered. Music in the early 1950s was much like the 1940s: crooners everywhere. Share your love for The 1950s: American Pop Culture History. From left to right, John Coltrane plays the tenor saxophone, Nat "Cannonball" Adderley the alto saxophone, Miles Davis (the leader) the trumpet, and Bill Evans the piano . My friends and I were very big on the doo op groups and I still love the sound. When asked by a local resident, “What are you rebelling against?” Strabler coolly replies, “Whaddya got?” Real gangs did exist on the streets of New York and other major cities. Thank you so much. Following World War II, high school attendance grew. Strabler, the leather-outfitted leader of a motorcycle gang, rides into a small town, hoping to shake it up. A sensitive but misunderstood young man, Stark muses that he wants “just one day when I wasn’t all confused . Though men and women had been forced into new employment patterns during World War II, once the war was over, traditional roles were reaffirmed. (consumerism, music, mobility, etc.) In the course of a half hour, the casts performed in shows that pitted good versus evil and in which honesty and decency triumphed. Cartoons and these are very obscure but they were out there. Although Australia’s national identity is evident in every part of popular culture, America and Britain both had a significant impact on the development of Australian culture since World War Two. As many Americans migrated to the suburbs, spent money on leisure and entertainment, and cultivated religion, a small group of young poets, writers, intellectuals, musicians, and artists attacked mainstream politics and culture. Deaths per 1,000: 9.6 How did pop-culture and family life change during the 1950's? Life Expectancy: Male (65.6), Female (71.1) In the same manner, television networks began to feature intense presidential campaign coverage, from the national nominating conventions to election day vote tallies, and political advertisements began to fill the airwaves. Due to the financially fluctuating years prior, Americans were unable to spend much and were excited to take advantage of the new consumer goods introduced in the 1950s. Rue des Archives/The Granger Collection, New York. The music of the fifties created rock, a genre that would Still, the decade held a more complex social reality. We drank from garden hoses never wore seat belts everything but the towels were starched and ironed. Sam Phillips opens the … In the 50s World War II had come to an end and the 50s was all about hope and hula-hoops. If you were around in 1950s America, you probably remember the Korean War and McCarthyism.But that's not the fun stuff to visit on Memory Lane. Sports were very popular in the 1950s. I am fascinated about the information you have from so many time periods. Westerns & musicals were also hugely popular. Born in Tupelo, Mississippi, and living in Memphis, Tennessee, Elvis adapted the fashion and sensuality of the black performers he encountered to his own style. During the 1950s, a sense of uniformity pervaded American society. Theologian Will Herberg wrote that this religious revival constituted “religiousness without religion.” It offered a way to overcome isolation and embrace community in an increasingly alienating world. Meanwhile in the 1950s large numbers of West Indians arrived in Britain. It Came From the 1950s! 7 – Jan. 13 14 – … Following World War II, high school attendance grew. Do the math – our class is now or approaching 80 this year. In the 1950s America and Britain influenced Australia’s popular culture in a number of ways. When asked by a local resident, “What are you rebelling against?” Strabler coolly replies, “Whaddya got?” Real gangs did exist on the streets of New York and other major cities. There was a noticeable broadening of the taste of listeners from Elvis to Bach. During World War II, gay men and lesbians had the opportunity to meet other homosexuals in the military and in venues that attracted gay soldiers. For the first time, white middle-class teenagers saw the fashions and heard the language of working-class youths close-up and both emulated and feared what they encountered. 1950s cars were some of the most classy, exotic, powerful and unsafe cars ever made. From the big bands of the 1930s and 1940s, postwar jazz musicians formed smaller trios, quartets, and quintets and experimented with sounds more suitable for serious listening than for dancing. Moreover, women’s magazines did not offer readers a unified message of domesticity. The world audience for music in the 1950s was the largest in history and showed every sign of growing even larger. The mass popularization of culture was also linked to important technological advances. Don’t believe me? The 1950s – The Post War World The post - World War II period The war in Europe ended with Soviet troops Taking Berlin 3. The article has truly peaked my interest. 1950 was the start of the fast changes that would be seen in the next 2 decades, the great depression was becoming a faint memory and families were moving out to the suburbs, kids watched howdy doody on 12 inch black and white TV sets and spent Saturday afternoons watching cartoons at Cinema matinees, times were gentler with little violence and the consumer revolution was about to start in a … – Bachelors: Male (328,000), Female (103,000) And all of the Beatles were born in the ’40s. RetroWaste makes every effort to provide quality learning materials and access to legal purchase methods within the confines of U.S. law. Audrey Hepburn won an Academy Award in 1953 for her portrayal of Princess Ann in the movie Roman Holiday. The show was Liberace. Composed of working-class members from various ethnic and racial backgrounds, these gangs were highly organized, controlled their neighborhood turfs, and engaged in “rumbles” (fights) with intruders. Stroll through Music, TV, Cars, Fashions, and Pop History.You will also find sections on favorites like Elvis, The Beatles, the heartbreaking JFK assassination, the … », 1950s Sports: History, Facts, MVPs & Champions », On October 3, 1951, New York Giants player Bobby Thomson hit a pennant-winning home run often called the “shot heard ’round the world.”. Like Metalious, many writers denounced the conformity and shallowness they found in suburban America. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images) Look at the charts. What little girl doesn’t remember Betsy Mc Call cut out dolls in the middle of Mc Calls magazine every month. There were party lines where 2 different customers would share the same number. There was Hop Along Cassidy the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans show with Trigger. • How did artists, writers, and social critics challenge the mainstream politics and culture of the 1950s? We had a refrigerator with the motor on top and a wringer washer. Few postwar developments had a greater impact on American society and politics than the advent of television. The Civil Rights Movement. The Culture of the 1950s. Religion painted a similar picture, as attendance at houses of worship rose. . Objectives: • You will evaluate the changing influence of technology, Also, in the 1950s young people had significant disposable income for the first time. "The Cold War", "Baby Boomers", "Korea", "The Red Scare",. Although blacks pioneered the sound, the music entered the mainstream largely through white artists who added rural flavor to rhythm and blues. The beats formed their own artistic enclaves in New York City’s Greenwich Village and San Francisco’s North Beach and Haight-Ashbury districts. Pop Culture And Popular Culture 1066 Words | 5 Pages. Black female actors usually appeared as maids, and the one show that featured an all-black cast, The Amos ’n Andy Show, generally portrayed African Americans according to the racial stereotypes of the period. Teenager Popular Culture - United States 1950s (The Film Grease - Image "1959") The 1950s was a decade of dramatic shift in the way Americans grew up and the activities that they were involved in. In Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), Kinsey revealed that many women rejected the double standard that allowed men, but not women, to lose their virginity before marriage. Homosexuals also attempted to live nonconformist sexual lifestyles, albeit clandestinely. In 1954 a group of lesbians founded the Daughters of Bilitis in San Francisco. Local culture shifted to more of a mass culture. By the mid-1950s marketers spent $10 billion annually to advertise their goods or services on television. – Tuberculosis: 22 The Cold War had set the stage for an especially competitive period that was fueled by the rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union to prove their superiority. Alfred Kinsey also shattered myths about conformity in the private conduct of heterosexuals. The Television Postwar Innovation Goals: • You will understand how technological advances changed Postwar America. “Being religious and joining a church is . The average middle class fifties household had a television, a dishwasher, electric appliances and much more. Also, from 1940 to 1960, the percentage. From the austerity of the 1950s to the excess of the 1970s, discover the period through a wealth of printed and manuscript sources, visual material, ephemera and video clips. In 1958, Bank of America launches the first credit card. And the other artists that charted during his reign were rip-offs (I’m looking at you Conway Twitty). The original company or artist retains all copyrights. American History: Popular Culture in '50s September 14, 2011 American teenagers taking dance classes in 1953. At a time when whiteness was not just a skin color but a standard of beauty and virtue, the beats and authors such as Norman Mailer looked to African Americans as cultural icons, embracing jazz music and the spontaneity and coolness they attributed to inner-city blacks. Trumpeter Miles Davis and tenor saxophonist John Coltrane experimented with more complex and textured forms of this music and took it to new heights. Television also helped spread religiosity into millions of homes. of black youths attending high school doubled. Their parents told them to avoid young people who smoked cigarettes, dressed in blue jeans, wore leather jackets, and used expressions like “man” and “cat” to address each other, and to keep away from young women who wore tight skirts and sweaters. Ahhh, the 1950s: The decade of the baby boomer. [when] I wasn’t ashamed of everything . Yet religious affiliation appeared to reflect a greater emphasis on togetherness than on specific doctrinal beliefs. Global audiences for music in the 1950s were the largest in history. The link between religion and Americanism prompted Congress in 1954 to add “under God” to the pledge of allegiance and to make “In God We Trust” the national motto. Far from satisfied, these women suffered from what the social critic Betty Friedan would later call “a problem that has no name,” a malady that derived not from any personal failing but from the unrewarding roles women were expected to play. The innovational time of the 1950s was known for the uprising of mass culture within America. Richie Dixon. Why were some groups of Americans dissatisfied with conditions in postwar America? Was he ever wrong. Bread: 14 cents per loaf The Wild One (1954), which starred Marlon Brando as Johnny Strabler, also popularized youthful angst. in the criticism. – Urban/rural: 16/9 Beneath the calm, conformist exterior, new ideas and attitudes were percolating. Marilyn Monroe played such a woman in The Seven Year Itch (1955), as did Elizabeth Taylor in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof (1958), revealing that women also had a powerful libido, though in the end they became domesticated or paid a terrible price. Round steak: 94 cents per pound Many of today's knowledge and technology such as radios and automobiles. – Baseball (annually): 17.6 million, Consumer Price Index (if 1967 = 100): 77.1 Teen music from Neil Sadaka Richie Valens the Everly Brothers. Exciting times indeed. circa 1950: A woman holds three Tupperware containers while standing in front of a group of women seated in a living room during a Tupperware party. Popular Culture 1950s to 1990s Music – war – fashion – politics – art - technology Part I The Story from the 50s to the 70s 2. Television portrayed working-class families in grittier fashion on shows such as The Life of Riley, whose lead character worked at a factory, and The Honeymooners, whose male protagonists were a bus driver and a sewer worker. Music in the early 1950s was much like the 1940s: crooners everywhere. Because of police harassment, most homosexuals refused to reveal their sexual orientation, which made sense practically but reduced their ability to counter antihomosexual discrimination. Felix the Cat Dick Tracy Little Lulu and Baby Huey Clyde Crashcup David Seville and the 3 chipmunks Alvin Simon and Theodore. If you’re name had two M’s in it you were a guaranteed star. Social welfare: $23.51 billion I’ve done a great deal of research about this decade. Such critics often overstated the conformity that characterized the suburbs by minimizing the ethnic, religious, and political diversity of their residents. Such critics often overstated the conformity that characterized the suburbs by minimizing the ethnic, religious, and political diversity of their residents. Still, the ’40s brought us Jeep, the Slinky, Velcro, Tupperware AND Frisbee. Public high schools reinforced teenage identity. Guys like Chuck Berry, Little Richard and Chubby Checker all ushered in a brand new style of music people called “rock n’ roll.”. Composed of working-class members from various ethnic and racial backgrounds, these gangs were highly organized, controlled their neighborhood turfs, and engaged in “rumbles” (fights) with intruders. Amid this turmoil, television played a large role in shaping people’s lives, reflecting their desire for success, and depicting the era as a time of innocence. Archives/The Granger Collection, New York, Like Metalious, many writers denounced the conformity and shallowness they found in suburban America. The Adventures of Jamie McPheters Huntley Brinkley evening news telephones were black and heavy. A table in the foreground displays a range of the company's products. Boxing was fueled by Marciano & Patterson. Recording 1958 Miles Jazz underwent great changes in the 1950s and became a soundtrack to the literary rebels of the beat generation. When I was about 4 I remember sitting on the floor of my great grandparents house my grandparents and my parents too. Popular culture of the 1950s was heavily influenced by the political and economic states of the country that were significantly impacted by the Cold War. And during these times, the United States was the world's strongest military power. Now let's have some fun! I greatly appreciate your website and your content, as Kitty has mentioned above. ^3 3 Married women were more likely to work if they were African American or came from working-class immigrant families. POP Culture: 1950. If young people in the 1950s were expected to behave like Ozzie and Harriet Nelson’s sons, Ricky and David, or the Cleaver boys, the popular culture industry also provided teenagers with alternative role models. In Rebel without a Cause (1955), actor James Dean portrayed Jim Stark, a seventeen-year-old filled with anguish about his role in life. Australia - Australia - The ascendance of Australian popular culture: The end of World War II marked the emergence of an increasingly distinctive Australian popular culture. Butter: 60 cents per pound Elvis Presley was not the first white man to sing rock ’n’ roll, but he became the most famous. For over 23 years people have been coming here to enjoy learning more about the 1950s, 60s and 70s. The Lone Ranger and Tonto. Four years later while Elvis was in the army, Congress targeted rock ’n’ roll through its investigation of payola and the notorious deejay Alan Freed. Maxwell House company claimed in its advertisements to be “Good to the last drop.”. Not so in the 1950s and 1960s: Bonfire Night was a hands-on celebration with friends and family… Recycling in the 1950s and 1960s. Their parents told them to avoid young people who smoked cigarettes, dressed in blue jeans, wore leather jackets, and used expressions like “man” and “cat” to address each other, and to keep away from young women who wore tight skirts and sweaters. The three major television networks—the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and the American Broadcasting Company (ABC)—offered programs nationwide that appealed to mainstream tastes while occasionally challenging the public with serious drama, music, and documentaries. Popular culture and mass media in the 1950s. The American culture became more focused on consumerism. Even President Dwight D. Eisenhower joined a church for the first time in his life. Amid this turmoil, television played a large role in shaping people’s lives, reflecting their desire for success, and depicting the era as a time of innocence. It was also the dawn of the Cold War and the Civil Rights movement in the United States. Popular culture also encompasses the activities and feelings produced as a result of interaction with these dominant objects. In 1958, the Saab GT750, manufactured in Sweden, becomes the first car to have seat belts. Monroe, Dean and Loren were the hottest names in show business. In 1930, 50 percent ofworking-class children attended high school; thirty years later, the figure had jumped to 90 percent. Jan. 1 – Jan. 6, 1950. Women in the 1950s. Popular Culture in the 50's can be captured in just a few words which speak volumes. I went through the fashion of circle skirts over crinolines so huge you just about fit through a doorway — the bigger the better, and ballerina slippers were very “in.” The teen years in the 50’s were great. Besides those were the days when kids were seen and not heard. Mickey Mantle, Marilyn Monroe and Mickey Mouse all were some of the most famous stars of them all. My sister’s favorite song Wake up Little Susie. Novelist Sloan Wilson wrote about the alienating experience of suburban life in The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit (1955). Daddy-O. Television and radio acted as tools for marketers to dictate the values of American society in order help sell their products. Wherever they lived, they provided a lifestyle that a younger generation of political and cultural rebels would adopt in the 1960s. Nevertheless, like their middle-class counterparts, these families stayed together and worked out their problems despite their more challenging financial circumstances. Describe popular culture in America in the 1950s. Research 1950s toys history here with a year-by-year timeline and 50+ pictures. Please, keep up your work! If they sought a career, like many of the women played by actor Doris Day, they pursued it only as long as necessary to meet the right man. Postwar prosperity provided teenagers with money to support their own choices and styles. After reading “Popular Culture as History: The Cold War Comes Home,” choose one form of popular culture as the focus of your paper. To start with, the definition for the word ‘pop’ is - the abriviation for the word ‘popular’ -"the adjective Popular definition is intended for or suited to the taste, understanding, or means of the general public rather than specialists or intellectuals". Public high schools reinforced teenage identity. Along with marriage and the family, religion experienced a revival in the postwar United States. The Reverend Billy Graham, a preacher from Charlotte, North Carolina, who became the greatest evangelist of his era, was a traveling minister who blended his call for Americans to accept Jesus Christ into their hearts with fervent anticommunism. J.R.R. – Farm: 15.3% I blog frequently and I truly appreciate your content. In the 1950s, popular culture developed as the United States confronted difficult political, diplomatic, and social issues. National debt: $257.4 billion The movie industry in the 1950s was under attack by a new foe: Television. Journalists and scholars joined in the criticism. Popular Culture in the 1950s Television programming depicted a narrow view of American culture in the 1950s. I’ve been researching the 50’s since I am coordinating our high school’s 62nd reunion (a bit late for the 60th). At the same time, working women played significant roles in labor unions, where they formulated plans to reduce disparities between men’s and women’s income and to provide a wage for housewives, recognizing the unpaid work they did at home in maintaining the family. Religious Americans derived a variety of meanings from their religious experiences, but they embraced Americanism as their national religion. As somebody who wishes to live in the 1950’s, I am always researching and looking for movies, cars, and of course, music of that time period. Marriages per 1,000: 11.1 Recording 1958 Miles Jazz underwent great changes in the 1950s and became a soundtrack to the literary rebels of the beat generation. The arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union heightened the dangers of international conflict for ordinary citizens, and the social and economic changes that accompanied the Cold War intensified personal anxiety. Elvis’s snarling singing and wild pelvic gyrations excited young people, both black and white, while upsetting their parents. Australia - Australia - The ascendance of Australian popular culture: The end of World War II marked the emergence of an increasingly distinctive Australian popular culture. Amid this turmoil, television played a large role in shaping people’s lives, reflecting their desire for success, and depicting the era as a time of innocence. Most television shows during these years centered around a com- mon image of American life—an image that was predominantly white, middle-class, and suburban, epitomized by the popular situation comedy The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet. Certainly many women professed to find such lives fulfilling, but not all women were so content. Advances in technology, communication, knowledge, and ability created a new culture. There’s no crazy pop up adds and everything is clearly marked. The household also became much more modern. – Cancer: 139 Atomic fears and the arms race. Leave it to Beaver Dennis the menace As the World Turns and that underwater adventure show with Loyd Bridges and his 2 sons Beau Bridges and Jeff Bridges do those names sound familiar? In the same manner, television networks began to feature intense presidential campaign coverage, from the national nominating conventions to election day vote tallies, and political advertisements began to fill the airwaves. These youth-oriented television programs showcased a simple world of moral absolutes. And that’s not a bad thing, but apparently the kids thought it was. In 1953, Dr. Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine was proven effective in University of Pittsburgh tests. In 1954, Roger Bannister ran the first recorded sub-4 minute mile in human history. Through a combination of serious articles and photographs of nude women, the magazine provided its chiefly male readers with a guide to pursuing sexual pleasure and a sophisticated lifestyle. The beat writers frequently read their poems and prose to the rhythms of jazz, reflecting both their affinity with African American culture and the innovative explorations taking place in music. The innovational time of the 1950s was known for the uprising of mass culture within America. Salinger penned the book, Catcher In The Rye. When I tell the little ones that there was no TV when I was a child, they look amazed. Strikes: 4,843 The innovational time of the 1950s was known for the uprising of mass culture within America. Nobody wanted to run afoul of such students in school bathrooms or on the playgrounds, but their clothes, hairdos, and swagger appealed to high school teenagers, many of whom incorporated them into their own behavior. 1950s Fashion: Styles, Trends, Pictures & History », 1950s Toys: What Toys Were Popular in the 1950s? Public education: $5.84 billion • What trends in American popular culture did the television shows and popular music of the 1950s reflect? Eggs: 72 cents per dozen According to studies by researcher Dr. Alfred Kinsey of Indiana University, homosexuals made up approximately 10 percent of the adult population. In 1959 Life magazine found that teenagers had $10 billion at their disposal, “a billion more than the total sales of GM [General Motors].”. Similar to visual arts and literature, popular culture of the era focused on emphasizing what was presented as uniquely American experiences and contributions. Hollywood films offered several. I was so delighted to find your site and it brought back so many memories. Start studying Popular Culture of the 1950s. In 1957, an Australian visiting California told them, quite casually, that in his home country, children twirled bamboo hoops around their waists in … The three major. Nevertheless, the notion of the 1950s as happy days lived on. Yet they tapped into a growing feeling, especially among a new generation of young people, of the dangers of a mass culture based on standardization, compliance, and bureaucratization. – Doctorates: Male (6,969), Female (714) Alongside articles about and advertisements directed at stay-at-home mothers, these periodicals profiled career women who served in politics, such as Maine senator Margaret Chase Smith, the African American educator Mary McLeod Bethune, and sports figures such as the golf and tennis great Babe (Mildred) Didrikson Zaharias. “Without talking about it much,” Wilson wrote of his fictional suburban couple, “they both began to think of the house as a trap, and they no more enjoyed refurbishing it than a prisoner would delight in shining up the bars of his cell.” In J. D. Salinger’s novel Catcher in the Rye (1951), the young protagonist, Holden Caulfield, mocks the phoniness of the adult world while ending up in a mental institution. 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